WP 7 will assess how psychosocial determinants, including social networks, social isolation, social support and psychological distress influence mental health in old age in different European cities.


  1. To develop a harmonised database of urban social environmental characteristics hypothesized to influence mental well-being, covering the period since 1990 for participating cities in Europe, the US and Canada.
  2. To investigate the effect of the social environment on indicators and precursors of mental health, including common mental disorders such as depression and anxiety, biomarkers, somatic health, and cognitive functioning, using advanced statistical models.
  3. To investigate modifying effects of the physical environment on associations between social urban environmental characteristics and indicators of mental health

Work package leader Dorly Deeg, VU University MC Amsterdam (Stichting VU/VUmc)